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Unlike most languages out there, the Spanish language uses two different verbs for the verb to be: “ser” and “estar”. We know this can be a little tricky because it sometimes seems like there’s no logic behind the use of one or the other, but don’t worry! Here at iAmigo School we’ll teach you the basics of these two verbs. After reading this article, you’ll feel more confident about when to use “ser” and “estar” when speaking Spanish.

Ser and Estar in Present Tense

We know you’re excited about finally getting the master key to using “ser” and “estar” but, before getting into the uses of each Spanish verb, let’s quickly review their conjugation in the present tense. Take a look at it:

Sujeto Ser Estar
Yo soy estoy
eres estás
Ella / Él / Usted es está
Nosotras / Nosotros somos estamos
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedes son están

Ser and Estar are both irregular verbs, and this means they don’t follow a fixed rule of root and termination. But there’s no need to worry! We use them frequently enough that you’ll know how to conjugate them before you can realize.

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Uses of Estar in Spanish

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1. Identity and Possession

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  • Yo soy Max – (I’m Max)
  • Esa es la mesa – (That’s the table)
  • ¿Qué es esto? – (What’s this?)
  • Ellos son hermanos – (They’re siblings)
2. Characteristics

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  • Yo soy Max – (I’m Max)
  • Esa es la mesa – (That’s the table)
  • ¿Qué es esto? – (What’s this?)
  • Ellos son hermanos – (They’re siblings)

Now you know more Spanish than you did a few minutes ago and it’s a good time to get some extra Spanish, who will you practice with?

If you learned a lot of new phrases with this article, make sure to check out one of our other useful Spanish articles. You’ll always learn something new!

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